In nature, ozone is formed as a result of some chemical reactions. The most known example is of course the so-called ozone layer, where ozone is formed under the influence of UV sun rays. Ozone is also formed during storms and near waterfalls. The characteristic "fresh, clean, spring" aroma of rain is the result of naturally formed ozone during a storm.
Ozone is formed only in extreme conditions. They can be artificially created in so-called ozone generators. Ozone generators generate ozone as a result of electrical discharges or UV action.
Ozone works on the principle of oxidation. When a statically charged ozone molecule (O3) comes into contact with an oxidizable element, the ozone molecule immediately turns into oxygen. This is due to the fact that ozone is very unstable and quickly returns to its original form, i.e. oxygen (O2). Ozone can oxidize all types of materials, but also unpleasant odours and microorganisms such as viruses, moulds and bacteria. During the operation of ozone, an additional oxygen atom is released from the molecule and it binds to the material that the ozone acts on. In the end, only a clean and stable oxygen molecule is formed.